Artificial intelligence is increasingly advanced and has entered more and more areas, even in the most unexpected and sensitive issues for society.
NVIDIA has developed a tool that, using Artificial Intelligence, manages to create extremely realistic human faces … Will there be limits to the performance of AI?
None of the faces you find in the picture above actually exist. They might have been the subject of a simple manipulation in Photoshop or another image editor, but no … These ultra-realistic faces were designed by a NIVIDA tool that makes use of Artificial Intelligence. As incredible as it may seem, none of these people exists.
This new technology was described in a paper by researchers from NVIDIA who used a technique called generative adversarial network (GAN), generative adversarial networks, in a free translation into Portuguese.
This technology has existed since 2014 and the evolution registered has been notorious, as can be seen in a paper published at the time. This paper, in addition to introducing the concept and associated technology, also shows the level at which it was at the time.
By contrasting the results of this technique in 2014 and 2018 you can visualize the overwhelming breakthrough achieved in just four years.
This technique makes use of Artificial Intelligence and its capabilities in visual recognition, in addition to combining several parameters of individuals, crossing them later and resulting in the virtually conceived face.
The basic concept has been the same since 2014 but the evolution of technology has led to such unparalleled results in just four years. To do this, NVIDIA researchers had to develop Artificial Intelligence for a week with eight powerful GPUs. The following video was shared on this process.
The ethical and social implications of this technological advance
There have been several warnings and social implications raised by the technological advancement of solutions based on Artificial Intelligence. The users look with some distrust for this technology and in fact, many of its uses are in very sensitive and complex subjects that thus create some ethical shock.
This possibility of creating virtual faces opens a kind of Pandora’s box that can be used in less positive situations and may have profound negative impacts on society.
Although the ethical side of the GAN technique was not addressed in the paper, it would have been interesting for researchers to investigate further the hypothetical impacts that this technology might have.
Do you think this GAN technique has inherent ethical dangers? How impressed with the realism of digitally created faces? Leave your opinion in the comments!