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The official language in all African countries

The official language in all African countries : African peoples use nearly 2,000 different languages, the most important of which are Arabic in the north of the continent and Swahili and French in sub-Saharan Africa.

The official language in all African countries

Of the 54 countries, these three languages ​​are official in 34 countries, and together they have more than 400 million speakers, almost a third of the continent's population.

Below we take a quick look at the official languages ​​of all African countries.

An overview of the official languages ​​of Africa

Many African countries use more than one official language, including some Arab countries such as Morocco and Algeria , where Tamazight is official alongside Arabic.

Arabic is the official language in these countries in Africa:

  • Algeria
  • Comoros
  • Chad (non-Arab country)
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Eritrea (non-Arab country)
  • Tunisia
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Somalia
  • Sudan

What is the largest Arabic-speaking country?

Egypt holds the record for the largest Arabic-speaking population at around 97,553,151 speakers, followed by Algeria at 41,318,142, then Sudan at 40,533,330, then Iraq at 38,274,618 and Morocco at 35,74.

French is the only official language in these countries, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which is the largest French-speaking country in the world.

Other countries where French is an official language are:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Madagascar 
  • Cameroon
  •  Ivory Coast
  • Niger
  • Burkina Faso
  •  Mali
  • Senegal
  • Chad
  • Guinea
  • Rwanda
  • Burundi
  • Benin
  • Togo
  • Central African Republic
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Gabon
  • Djibouti
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Comor
  • Seychelles
There are approximately 434 million people throughout the world who speak French. However, the country with highest French speaking population is not France. Instead, an African nation, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, tops the list with a total of more than 77 million people. France ranks second, with approximately 67 million people. Madagascar and Cameroon, with 24 million and 23 million people, respectively, rank fourth and fifth.

In the top five African states with the most French speakers, the Ivory Coast is fourth, after Cameroon, with an estimated 22 million speakers. Niger ranks fifth, with an estimated 19 million people. It is interesting to note that African countries dominate the world list by occupying positions four to 13 consecutively.

The most common languages ​​in Africa

The most spoken language in Africa is Arabic, with an estimated number of speakers from 150 to 200 million people, the majority of whom live in North Africa.

French ranks second with 120 million speakers, followed by Swahili with 100 million speakers, Hausa with 40 million speakers, and then Yoruba language with 30 million speakers.

The Berber language is used by about 23 million people living in all Arab countries in the north of the continent, mainly in the Maghreb countries .

The official language in all African countries

# Countries Languages

  1. Burundi.         French, Kirundian
  2. Comoros Arabic, Comorian, French
  3. Djibouti.         Arabic french
  4. Eritrea Tigrinya, Arabic, English
  5. Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrinya, Somali, Oromo, Afar
  6. Kenya Swahili, English
  7. Madagascar.    Malagasy, French
  8. Malawi English, Chihuahua
  9. Mauritius English, French
  10. Mozambique Portuguese
  11. Rwanda.         Kinyarwanda, English, French, Swahili
  12. Seychelles English, French, Seychellois Creole
  13. Tunisia Arabic
  14. Morocco Arabic, Tamazight
  15. Sudan Arabic English
  16. South Sudan  English
  17. Algeria Arabic, Tamazight
  18. Egypt Arabic
  19. Libya Arabic
  20. Central African Republic French, Sango
  21. Mauritania Arabic
  22. Zimbabwe Chichewa, Shona, Kalanga, English, Khoisan, Namibia, Nadu, Tsonga, Northern Ndebele, Chihua, Sutian, Zimbabwean Sign Language, Tonga, Vendi, Tswana, Kosic
  23. Niger French
  24. Cameroon French and English
  25. Guinea Bissau Portuguese
  26. Angola Portuguese
  27. Nigeria English
  28. Financial French
  29. Senegal French
  30. Liberia English
  31. Sierra Leone English
  32. Togo French
  33. Guinea French
  34. Burkina Faso French
  35. Zambia English
  36. Ghana English
  37. Uganda English, Swahili
  38. Gambia English
  39. Ivory Coast French
  40. green head Portuguese
  41. South Africa English, Zulu, Zulu, Afrikaans, North Sotho, Tswana, Sutian, Tsonga, Swazi, Vendi, South Ndebeli
  42. Eswatini English, Swazi
  43. Namibia English
  44. Lesotho Sotho, English
  45. Botswana English, Tswana
  46. Chad French language, Arabic language
  47. Republic of the Congo French
  48. Democratic Republic of the Congo French
  49. Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French, Portuguese
  50. Gabon French
  51. Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese
  52. Somalia Somali, Arabic
  53. Tanzania English, Swahili

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