Scientists have developed a new form of silicon: the possibility of improving the performance of electronic components

The period in which we live is called the Silicon Age. The modern world we have created and all the electronic devices we use all depend on this valuable element. Scientists have now been able to use a new method to produce a type of silicon that has a hexagonal or so-called hexagonal structure.

Elements can have different natures, called "allotropes," depending on the shape their atoms take on a molecule or crystal. For example, carbon atoms are converted to graphene in a plate arrangement, and if these plates are joined together, they form graphite or even diamond in a cubic lattice.



Most silicon allotropes used in industry have a diamond-like structure, but other allotropes can also be used in electronic devices. In 2014, a team of researchers developed an allotropic silicon called Si 24 , which appeared on plates arranged in rings of five, six and eight silicon atoms. The empty spaces created between these plates can act as a one-dimensional channel so that other atoms can pass through it. The group believes that this allotrope can be used to store energy and filter certain substances.

In a new study , researchers were able to turn Si 24 allotrope into a new allotrope in a new way. By heating these crystals, the plates of this allotrope were placed in a hexagonal structure and repeated in four successive layers. The researchers called this new allotropic 4H-silicon. This is the first time that three-dimensional and stable crystals are made of silicon.

The discovery of this new allotropy could help the production and research of optical and electronic devices through materials engineering. Also, in this method, elementary crystal beads can be used to produce larger crystal structures and finally silicone diamonds.

The exact use of this new allotrope has not yet been determined, but researchers believe it could be used in transistors and photovoltaic energy conversion systems.

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